The domain within your query sequence starts at position 1 and ends at position 89; the E-value for the OSCP domain shown below is 1.1e-16.



PFAM accession number:PF00213
Interpro abstract (IPR000711):

Transmembrane ATPases are membrane-bound enzyme complexes/ion transporters that use ATP hydrolysis to drive the transport of protons across a membrane. Some transmembrane ATPases also work in reverse, harnessing the energy from a proton gradient, using the flux of ions across the membrane via the ATPase proton channel to drive the synthesis of ATP.

There are several different types of transmembrane ATPases, which can differ in function (ATP hydrolysis and/or synthesis), structure (e.g., F-, V- and A-ATPases, which contain rotary motors) and in the type of ions they transport [(PUBMED:15473999), (PUBMED:15078220)]. The different types include:

  • F-ATPases (ATP synthases, F1F0-ATPases), which are found in mitochondria, chloroplasts and bacterial plasma membranes where they are the prime producers of ATP, using the proton gradient generated by oxidative phosphorylation (mitochondria) or photosynthesis (chloroplasts).
  • V-ATPases (V1V0-ATPases), which are primarily found in eukaryotes and they function as proton pumps that acidify intracellular compartments and, in some cases, transport protons across the plasma membrane [(PUBMED:20450191)]. They are also found in bacteria [(PUBMED:9741106)].
  • A-ATPases (A1A0-ATPases), which are found in Archaea and function like F-ATPases, though with respect to their structure and some inhibitor responses, A-ATPases are more closely related to the V-ATPases [(PUBMED:18937357), (PUBMED:1385979)].
  • P-ATPases (E1E2-ATPases), which are found in bacteria and in eukaryotic plasma membranes and organelles, and function to transport a variety of different ions across membranes.
  • E-ATPases, which are cell-surface enzymes that hydrolyse a range of NTPs, including extracellular ATP.

F-ATPases (also known as ATP synthases, F1F0-ATPase, or H(+)-transporting two-sector ATPase) (EC are composed of two linked complexes: the F1 ATPase complex is the catalytic core and is composed of 5 subunits (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon), while the F0 ATPase complex is the membrane-embedded proton channel that is composed of at least 3 subunits (A-C), with additional subunits in mitochondria. Both the F1 and F0 complexes are rotary motors that are coupled back-to-back. In the F1 complex, the central gamma subunit forms the rotor inside the cylinder made of the alpha(3)beta(3) subunits, while in the F0 complex, the ring-shaped C subunits forms the rotor. The two rotors rotate in opposite directions, but the F0 rotor is usually stronger, using the force from the proton gradient to push the F1 rotor in reverse in order to drive ATP synthesis [(PUBMED:11309608)]. These ATPases can also work in reverse in bacteria, hydrolysing ATP to create a proton gradient.

This family represents subunits called delta in bacterial and chloroplast ATPase, or OSCP (oligomycin sensitivity conferral protein) in mitochondrial ATPase (note that in mitochondria there is a different delta subunit, IPR001469). The OSCP/delta subunit appears to be part of the peripheral stalk that holds the F1 complex alpha3beta3 catalytic core stationary against the torque of the rotating central stalk, and links subunit A of the F0 complex with the F1 complex. In mitochondria, the peripheral stalk consists of OSCP, as well as F0 components F6, B and D. In bacteria and chloroplasts the peripheral stalks have different subunit compositions: delta and two copies of F0 component B (bacteria), or delta and F0 components B and B' (chloroplasts) [(PUBMED:11309608), (PUBMED:16045926)].

GO process:ATP synthesis coupled proton transport (GO:0015986)
GO function:proton-transporting ATP synthase activity, rotational mechanism (GO:0046933)

This is a PFAM domain. For full annotation and more information, please see the PFAM entry OSCP