PFAM accession number:PF00154
Interpro abstract (IPR013765):

The recA gene product is a multifunctional enzyme that plays a role in homologous recombination, DNA repair and induction of the SOS response [ (PUBMED:1896024) ]. In homologous recombination, the protein functions as a DNA-dependent ATPase, promoting synapsis, heteroduplex formation and strand exchange between homologous DNAs [ (PUBMED:1896024) ]. RecA also acts as a protease cofactor that promotes autodigestion of the lexA product and phage repressors. The proteolytic inactivation of the lexA repressor by an activated form of recA may cause a derepression of the 20 or so genes involved in the SOS response, which regulates DNA repair, induced mutagenesis, delayed cell division and prophage induction in response to DNA damage [ (PUBMED:1896024) ].

RecA is a protein of about 350 amino-acid residues. Its sequence is very well conserved [ (PUBMED:9187054) (PUBMED:7592482) (PUBMED:8587109) ] among eubacterial species. It is also found in the chloroplast of plants [ (PUBMED:1518831) ]. RecA-like proteins are found in archaea and diverse eukaryotic organisms, like fission yeast, mouse or human. In the filament visualised by X-ray crystallography, beta-strand 3, the loop C-terminal to beta-strand 2, and alpha-helix D of the core domain form one surface that packs against alpha-helix A and beta-strand 0 (the N-terminal domain) of an adjacent monomer during polymerisation [ (PUBMED:12045091) ]. The core ATP-binding site domain is well conserved, with 14 invariant residues. It contains the nucleotide binding loop between beta-strand 1 and alpha-helix C. The Escherichia coli sequence GPESSGKT matches the consensus sequence of amino acids (G/A)XXXXGK(T/S) for the Walker A box (also referred to as the P-loop) found in a number of nucleoside triphosphate (NTP)-binding proteins. Another nucleotide binding motif, the Walker B box is found at beta-strand 4 in the RecA structure. The Walker B box is characterised by four hydrophobic amino acids followed by an acidic residue (usually aspartate). Nucleotide specificity and additional ATP binding interactions are contributed by the amino acid residues at beta-strand 2 and the loop C-terminal to that strand, all of which are greater than 90% conserved among bacterial RecA proteins.

GO process:DNA repair (GO:0006281)
GO function:ATP binding (GO:0005524), single-stranded DNA binding (GO:0003697)

This is a PFAM domain. For full annotation and more information, please see the PFAM entry RecA