The domain within your query sequence starts at position 87 and ends at position 190; the E-value for the Synapsin domain shown below is 3.6e-63.



PFAM accession number:PF02078
Interpro abstract (IPR020897):

The synapsins are a family of neuron-specific phosphoproteins that coat synaptic vesicles and are involved in the binding between these vesicles and the cytoskeleton (including actin filaments). The family comprises 5 homologous proteins Ia, Ib, IIa, IIb and III. Synapsins I, II, and III are encoded by 3 different genes. The a and b isoforms of synapsin I and II are splice variants of the primary transcripts [ (PUBMED:10940454) ].

Synapsin I is mainly associated with regulation of neurotransmitter release from presynaptic neuron terminals [ (PUBMED:2859595) ]. Synapsin II, as well as being involved in neurotransmitter release, has a role in the synaptogenesis and synaptic plasticity responsible for long term potentiation [ (PUBMED:7777057) ]. Recent studies implicate synapsin III with a developmental role in neurite elongation and synapse formation that is distinct from the functions of synapsins I and II [ (PUBMED:10804215) ].

Structurally, synapsins are multidomain proteins, of which 3 domains are common to all the mammalian forms. The N-terminal `A' domain is ~30 residues long and contains a serine residue that serves as an acceptor site for protein kinase-mediated phosphorylation. This is followed by the `B' linker domain, which is ~80 residues long and is relatively poorly conserved. Domain `C' is the longest, spanning approximately 300 residues. This domain is highly conserved across all the synapsins (including those from Drosophila) and is possessed by all splice variants. The remaining six domains, D-I, are not shared by all the synapsins and differ both between the primary transcripts and the splice variants.

This entry represents the pre-ATP-grasp structural domain found in synapsins, which precedes the ATP-grasp domain. The structure of the pre-ATP-grasp domain consists of alpha/beta/alpha in three layers, and is possibly a rudiment form of the Rossmann-fold. This domain can have a substrate-binding function.

This is a PFAM domain. For full annotation and more information, please see the PFAM entry Synapsin