TBCDomain in Tre-2, BUB2p, and Cdc16p. Probable Rab-GAPs.
|SMART accession number:||SM00164|
|Description:||Widespread domain present in Gyp6 and Gyp7, thereby giving rise to the notion that it performs a GTP-activator activity on Rab-like GTPases.|
|Interpro abstract (IPR000195):||Identification of a TBC domain in GYP6_YEAST and GYP7_YEAST, which are GTPase activator proteins of yeast Ypt6 and Ypt7, imply that these domains are GTPase activator proteins of Rab-like small GTPases [(PUBMED:11013213)].|
|GO process:||regulation of Rab GTPase activity (GO:0032313)|
|GO component:||intracellular (GO:0005622)|
|GO function:||Rab GTPase activator activity (GO:0005097)|
Click on the following links for more information.
- Evolution (species in which this domain is found)
Click on to expand nodes. To display all proteins with a TBC domain in a specific node, click on it.
This tree shows only several representative species. The complete taxonomic breakdown of all proteins with TBC domain is also avaliable.
Useful shortcuts: Expand all nodes or Collapse tree
Go to specific node: Anopheles gambiae, Arabidopsis thaliana, Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, Homo sapiens, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Takifugu rubripes
- Cellular role (predicted cellular role)
Binding / catalysis: protein-binding, Rab-binding, GTPase activating
- Literature (relevant references for this domain)
Primary literature is listed below; Automatically-derived, secondary literature is also avaliable.
- Du LL, Collins RN, Novick PJ
- Identification of a Sec4p GTPase-activating protein (GAP) as a novel member of a Rab GAP family.
- J Biol Chem. 1998; 273: 3253-6
- Display abstract
A yeast open reading frame sharing homology with the two known yeast Rab GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs), Gyp6p and Gyp7p, was found in a data base search. We have named the gene containing this open reading frame GYP1. Recombinant Gyp1p showed GAP activity on Sec4p, increasing both its steady-state rate and single turnover GTPase activity. Gyp1p also stimulated the GTPase activity of several other yeast Rab proteins including Ypt1p, Ypt7p, and Ypt51p but showed no GAP activity on Ypt6p and Ypt32p. Deletion of the GYP1 gene or overexpression of Gyp1p did not alter the growth rate of yeast. However, overexpression of Gyp1p was inhibitory in combination with a subset of secretory mutants including sec4-8 and several ypt1 mutants. This effect is probably due to the increase in GAP activity, which can be observed in a lysate from cells overexpressing Gyp1p. The finding that yeast Rab GAPs share homology with proteins in other species, such as Caenorhabditis elegans and human, suggests the existence of a conserved Rab GAP family.
- Lazar T, Gotte M, Gallwitz D
- Vesicular transport: how many Ypt/Rab-GTPases make a eukaryotic cell?
- Trends Biochem Sci. 1997; 22: 468-72
- Display abstract
In eukaryotic cells, protein transport through the secretory and endocytic pathways is mediated by vesicular intermediates. Individual transport steps are regulated by Ras-like guanine nucleotide-binding proteins, termed Ypt in yeast or Rab in mammals. The complete sequencing of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome has revealed the total number of Ypt GTPases in this organism. There is some redundancy among the 11 Ypt proteins, and only those involved in the biosynthetic pathway are essential for cell viability.
- Neuwald AF
- A shared domain between a spindle assembly checkpoint protein and Ypt/Rab-specific GTPase-activators.
- Trends Biochem Sci. 1997; 22: 243-4
- Novick P, Zerial M
- The diversity of Rab proteins in vesicle transport.
- Curr Opin Cell Biol. 1997; 9: 496-504
- Display abstract
Rab proteins have been primarily implicated in vesicle docking as regulators of SNARE pairing. Recent findings, however, indicate that their function in vesicle trafficking can go beyond this role, and a number of proteins, unrelated to each other, have been identified as putative Rab effectors. Although the GTPase switch of Rab proteins is highly conserved, functional mechanisms may be highly diversified among members of the Rab family.
- Richardson PM, Zon LI
- Molecular cloning of a cDNA with a novel domain present in the tre-2 oncogene and the yeast cell cycle regulators BUB2 and cdc16.
- Oncogene. 1995; 11: 1139-48
- Display abstract
In an effort to identify genes that are differentially regulated during mast cell development, subtracted cDNA prepared from wild-type murine P815 mastocytoma cells and a P815 subline that exhibits properties of mast cell differentiation was used to screen mast cell cDNA libraries. Several known mast cell-specific cDNAs were isolated including mast cell carboxypeptidase A (MC-CPA), murine mast cell protease-5 (MMCP-5), and gp49. A novel cDNA, designated Tbc1, was identified that showed differential expression in the two mast cell lines. The amino acid sequence predicted from the cDNA contains a 200 amino acid domain that is homologous to regions in the tre-2 oncogene and the yeast regulators of mitosis, BUB2 and cdc16. The N-terminal region contains a number of cysteine and histidine residues, potentially encoding a zinc finger domain. Tbc1 is a nuclear protein and is expressed in highest levels in hematopoietic cells, testis and kidney. Within these tissues, expression of Tbc1 is cell- and stage-specific. Based on sequence similarity, pattern of expression and subcellular localization, Tbc1 may play a role in the cell cycle and differentiation of various tissues.
- Strom M, Vollmer P, Tan TJ, Gallwitz D
- A yeast GTPase-activating protein that interacts specifically with a member of the Ypt/Rab family.
- Nature. 1993; 361: 736-9
- Display abstract
Members of the Ras superfamily of GTP-binding proteins are involved in a variety of cellular processes, including signal transduction, cytoskeletal organization and protein transport. GTP-binding proteins of the Ypt/Rab family direct vesicular protein transport in the secretory and endocytic pathways in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Ypt proteins) and in mammalian systems (Rab proteins). The cellular activity of monomeric GTP-binding proteins is influenced by proteins that regulate GDP/GTP exchange and GTP hydrolysis. GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) can increase the slow intrinsic GTPase activity of GTP-binding proteins by several orders of magnitude. As GAPs modulate the activity of GTP-binding proteins, they are thought to give a biochemical handle on the functioning of Ypt/Rab proteins in transport vesicle budding and docking or fusion at donor and acceptor membranes. We report here the first cloned GTPase-activating protein for the Ypt/Rab protein family. The gene, GYP6 (GAP of Ypt6 protein), encodes a protein of 458 amino acids which is highly specific for the Ypt6 protein and shows little or no cross-reactivity with other Ypt/Rab family members or with H-Ras p21.
- Metabolism (metabolic pathways involving proteins which contain this domain)
Click the image to view the interactive version of the map in iPath
% proteins involved KEGG pathway ID Description 66.67 map04111 Cell cycle - yeast 11.11 map00361 gamma-Hexachlorocyclohexane degradation 11.11 map00627 1,4-Dichlorobenzene degradation 11.11 map00364 Fluorobenzoate degradation
This information is based on mapping of SMART genomic protein database to KEGG orthologous groups. Percentage points are related to the number of proteins with TBC domain which could be assigned to a KEGG orthologous group, and not all proteins containing TBC domain. Please note that proteins can be included in multiple pathways, ie. the numbers above will not always add up to 100%.
- Structure (3D structures containing this domain)
3D Structures of TBC domains in PDB
PDB code Main view Title 1fkm Crystal structure of the ypt/rab-gap domain of gyp1p 2g77 Crystal structure of gyp1 tbc domain in complex with rab33 gtpase bound to gdp and alf3 2qfz Crystal structure of human tbc1 domain family member 22a 2qq8 Crystal structure of the putative rabgap domain of human tbc1 domain family member 14 3dzx Crystal structure of the rabgap domain of human tbc1d22b 3hzj Crystal structure of the rabgap domain of the rabgap1l protein
- Links (links to other resources describing this domain)
PFAM TBC INTERPRO IPR000195