FA58CCoagulation factor 5/8 C-terminal domain, discoidin domain
|SMART accession number:||SM00231|
|Description:||Cell surface-attached carbohydrate-binding domain, present in eukaryotes and assumed to have horizontally transferred to eubacterial genomes.|
|Interpro abstract (IPR000421):||Blood coagulation factors V and VIII contain a C-terminal, twice repeated, domain of about 150 amino acids, which is called F5/8 type C, FA58C, or C1/C2- like domain. In the Dictyostelium discoideum (Slime mold) cell adhesion protein discoidin, a related domain, named discoidin I-like domain, DLD, or DS, has been found which shares a common C-terminal region of about 110 amino acids with the FA58C domain, but whose N-terminal 40 amino acids are much less conserved. Similar domains have been detected in other extracellular and membrane proteins [(PUBMED:3092220), (PUBMED:8390675), (PUBMED:8639264)] In coagulation factors V and VIII the repeated domains compose part of a larger functional domain which promotes binding to anionic phospholipids on the surface of platelets and endothelial cells [(PUBMED:3125864)]. The C-terminal domain of the second FA58C repeat (C2) of coagulation factor VIII has been shown to be responsible for phosphatidylserine-binding and essential for activity [(PUBMED:2110840), (PUBMED:7515064)]. It forms an amphipathic alpha-helix, which binds to the membrane [(PUBMED:7893714)]. FA58C contains two conserved cysteines in most proteins, which link the extremities of the domain by a disulphide bond [(PUBMED:8504111), (PUBMED:7613471), (PUBMED:8856064)]. A further disulphide bond is located near the C-terminal of the second FA58C domain in MFGM Q08431 [(PUBMED:8856064)]. |
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- Evolution (species in which this domain is found)
Taxonomic distribution of proteins containing FA58C domain.
This tree includes only several representative species. The complete taxonomic breakdown of all proteins with FA58C domain is also avaliable.
Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing FA58C domain in the selected taxonomic class.
- Literature (relevant references for this domain)
Primary literature is listed below; Automatically-derived, secondary literature is also avaliable.
- Baumgartner S, Hofmann K, Chiquet-Ehrismann R, Bucher P
- The discoidin domain family revisited: new members from prokaryotes and a homology-based fold prediction.
- Protein Sci. 1998; 7: 1626-31
- Display abstract
Members of the discoidin (DS) domain family, which includes the C1 and C2 repeats of blood coagulation factors V and VIII, occur in a great variety of eukaryotic proteins, most of which have been implicated in cell-adhesion or developmental processes. So far, no three-dimensional structure of a known example of this extracellular module has been determined, limiting the usefulness of identifying a new sequence as member of this family. Here, we present results of a recent search of the protein sequence database for new DS domains using generalized profiles, a sensitive multiple alignment-based search technique. Several previously unrecognized DS domains could be identified by this method, including the first examples from prokaryotic species. More importantly, we present statistical, structural, and functional evidence that the D1 domain of galactose oxidase whose three-dimensional structure has been determined at 1.7 A resolution, is a distant member of this family. Taken together, these findings significantly expand the concept of the DS domain, by extending its taxonomic range and by implying a fold prediction for all its members. The proposed alignment with the galactose oxidase sequence makes it possible to construct homology-based three-dimensional models for the most interesting examples, as illustrated by an accompanying paper on the C1 and C2 domains of factor V.
- Saenko EL, Shima M, Rajalakshmi KJ, Scandella D
- A role for the C2 domain of factor VIII in binding to von Willebrand factor.
- J Biol Chem. 1994; 269: 11601-5
- Display abstract
We examined the possibility that the C2 domain, amino acid residues 2173-2332, of factor VIII (fVIII) contains a binding site for von Willebrand factor (vWf) to clarify previous data showing that some monoclonal and human inhibitor antibodies with epitopes in C2 prevent fVIII-vWf binding. We constructed a fusion protein, glutathione S-transferase-C2, which binds to immobilized vWf in a dose-dependent saturable fashion, suggesting that the fVIII C2 domain contains a binding site for vWf. This site was further localized by testing the effect of a synthetic peptide on fVIII-vWf binding. Peptide 2303-2332, consisting of a previously identified phosphatidyl-serine binding site, prevented fVIII binding to vWf, suggesting that the sites for fVIII binding to vWf or phosphatidylserine have some overlap. The effect of anti-C2 domain antibodies further supported these observations. The inhibition of fVIII binding to vWf by monoclonal antibody NMC-VIII/5 IgG or F(ab)'2 (epitope within residues 2170-2327) and by inhibitor antibody MU IgG or Fab' (epitope within residues 2248-2312) was demonstrated by a fluid-phase binding assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Two monoclonal antibodies with epitopes within amino acid residues 2170-2218 or 2248-2285, which do not overlap the phosphatidylserine binding site, did not have any inhibitory effect. Our data suggest that the previously described antagonistic binding of vWf and phospholipid to fVIII is due to the involvement of some C2 domain amino acids in both processes.
- Foster PA, Fulcher CA, Houghten RA, Zimmerman TS
- Synthetic factor VIII peptides with amino acid sequences contained within the C2 domain of factor VIII inhibit factor VIII binding to phosphatidylserine.
- Blood. 1990; 75: 1999-2004
- Display abstract
The effective activation of factor X by factor IXa requires the co-factor activity of activated factor VIII (FVIII). Factor Xa formation is also dependent on the presence of negatively charged phospholipid. A phospholipid binding domain of FVIII has been reported to be present on the FVIII light chain. Recent observations on a subset of human FVIII inhibitors have implicated the carboxyl-terminal C2 domain of FVIII as containing a possible phospholipid binding site. The purpose of this study was to investigate directly the role of the C2 domain in phospholipid binding. Twenty-six overlapping peptides, which span the entire C2 domain of FVIII, were synthesized. The ability of these peptides to inhibit the binding of purified human FVIII to immobilized phosphatidylserine was evaluated in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Three overlapping synthetic FVIII peptides, 2303-2317, 2305-2332, and 2308-2322, inhibited FVIII binding to phosphatidylserine by greater than 90% when tested at a concentration of 100 mumols/L. A fourth partially overlapping peptide, 2318-2332, inhibited FVIII binding by 65%. These results suggest that the area described by these peptides, residues 2303 to 2332, may play an important role in the mediation of FVIII binding to phospholipid.
- Jenny RJ et al.
- Complete cDNA and derived amino acid sequence of human factor V.
- Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1987; 84: 4846-50
- Display abstract
cDNA clones encoding human factor V have been isolated from an oligo(dT)-primed human fetal liver cDNA library prepared with vector Charon 21A. The cDNA sequence of factor V from three overlapping clones includes a 6672-base-pair (bp) coding region, a 90-bp 5' untranslated region, and a 163-bp 3' untranslated region within which is a poly(A) tail. The deduced amino acid sequence consists of 2224 amino acids inclusive of a 28-amino acid leader peptide. Direct comparison with human factor VIII reveals considerable homology between proteins in amino acid sequence and domain structure: a triplicated A domain and duplicated C domain show approximately equal to 40% identity with the corresponding domains in factor VIII. As in factor VIII, the A domains of factor V share approximately 40% amino acid-sequence homology with the three highly conserved domains in ceruloplasmin. The B domain of factor V contains 35 tandem and approximately 9 additional semiconserved repeats of nine amino acids of the form Asp-Leu-Ser-Gln-Thr-Thr/Asn-Leu-Ser-Pro and 2 additional semiconserved repeats of 17 amino acids. Factor V contains 37 potential N-linked glycosylation sites, 25 of which are in the B domain, and a total of 19 cysteine residues.
- Kane WH, Davie EW
- Cloning of a cDNA coding for human factor V, a blood coagulation factor homologous to factor VIII and ceruloplasmin.
- Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986; 83: 6800-4
- Display abstract
Coagulation factor V is a high molecular weight plasma glycoprotein that participates as a cofactor in the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin by factor Xa. A phage lambda gt11 Hep G2 cell cDNA expression library was screened by using an affinity-purified antibody to human factor V, and 11 positive clones were isolated and plaque-purified. The clone containing the largest cDNA insert contained 2970 nucleotides and coded for 938 amino acids, a stop codon, and 155 nucleotides of 3' noncoding sequence including a poly(A) tail. The coding region includes 651 amino acids from the carboxyl terminus that constitute the light chain of human factor Va and 287 amino acids that are part of the connecting region of the protein. The predicted amino acid sequence agreed completely with 147 amino acid residues that were identified by Edman degradation of cyanogen bromide peptides isolated from the light chain. During the activation of factor V, several peptide bonds are cleaved by thrombin, giving rise to a heavy chain, a connecting fragment(s), and a light chain. The light chain is generated by the cleavage of an Arg-Ser peptide bond. The amino acid sequence of the light chain is homologous (40%) with the carboxyl-terminal fragment (Mr, 73,000) of human factor VIII. Both fragments have a similar domain structure that includes a single ceruloplasmin-related domain followed by two C domains. The carboxyl terminus of the connecting region, however, shows no significant amino acid sequence homology with factor VIII. It is very acidic and contains a number of potential N-linked glycosylation sites. It also contains about 20 tandem repeats of nine amino acids.
- Wood WI et al.
- Expression of active human factor VIII from recombinant DNA clones.
- Nature. 1984; 312: 330-7
- Display abstract
DNA clones encoding the complete 2,351 amino acid sequence for human factor VIII have been isolated and used to produce biologically active factor VIII in cultured mammalian cells. The recombinant protein corrects the clotting time of plasma from haemophiliacs and has many of the biochemical and immunological characteristics of serum-derived factor VIII.
- Disease (disease genes where sequence variants are found in this domain)
SwissProt sequences and OMIM curated human diseases associated with missense mutations within the FA58C domain.
Protein Disease Retinoschisin (O15537) (SMART) OMIM:312700: Retinoschisis Coagulation factor VIII (P00451) (SMART) OMIM:306700: Hemophilia A
- Metabolism (metabolic pathways involving proteins which contain this domain)
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% proteins involved KEGG pathway ID Description 16.67 map04360 Axon guidance 15.00 map04610 Complement and coagulation cascades 15.00 map04514 Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) 10.00 map01032 Glycan structures - degradation 8.33 map00531 Glycosaminoglycan degradation 6.67 map00511 N-Glycan degradation 5.00 map00604 Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - ganglioseries 5.00 map00600 Sphingolipid metabolism 5.00 map00561 Glycerolipid metabolism 5.00 map00052 Galactose metabolism 1.67 map00562 Inositol phosphate metabolism 1.67 map04512 ECM-receptor interaction 1.67 map04140 Regulation of autophagy 1.67 map04070 Phosphatidylinositol signaling system 1.67 map04510 Focal adhesion
This information is based on mapping of SMART genomic protein database to KEGG orthologous groups. Percentage points are related to the number of proteins with FA58C domain which could be assigned to a KEGG orthologous group, and not all proteins containing FA58C domain. Please note that proteins can be included in multiple pathways, ie. the numbers above will not always add up to 100%.
- Structure (3D structures containing this domain)
3D Structures of FA58C domains in PDB
PDB code Main view Title 1czs CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE C2 DOMAIN OF HUMAN COAGULATION FACTOR V: COMPLEX WITH PHENYLMERCURY 1czt CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE C2 DOMAIN OF HUMAN COAGULATION FACTOR V 1czv CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE C2 DOMAIN OF HUMAN COAGULATION FACTOR V: DIMERIC CRYSTAL FORM 1d7p Crystal structure of the c2 domain of human factor viii at 1.5 a resolution at 1.5 A 1eut SIALIDASE, LARGE 68KD FORM, COMPLEXED WITH GALACTOSE 1euu SIALIDASE OR NEURAMINIDASE, LARGE 68KD FORM 1gof NOVEL THIOETHER BOND REVEALED BY A 1.7 ANGSTROMS CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF GALACTOSE OXIDASE 1gog NOVEL THIOETHER BOND REVEALED BY A 1.7 ANGSTROMS CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF GALACTOSE OXIDASE 1goh NOVEL THIOETHER BOND REVEALED BY A 1.7 ANGSTROMS CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF GALACTOSE OXIDASE 1iqd Human Factor VIII C2 Domain complexed to human monoclonal BO2C11 Fab. 1k3i Crystal Structure of the Precursor of Galactose Oxidase 1kex Crystal Structure of the b1 Domain of Human Neuropilin-1 1sdd Crystal Structure of Bovine Factor Vai 1t2x Glactose oxidase C383S mutant identified by directed evolution 1w8n Contribution of the Active Site Aspartic Acid to Catalysis in the Bacterial Neuraminidase from Micromonospora viridifaciens. 1w8o Contribution of the Active Site Aspartic Acid to Catalysis in the Bacterial Neuraminidase from Micromonospora viridifaciens 1wcq Mutagenesis of the Nucleophilic Tyrosine in a Bacterial Sialidase to Phenylalanine. 2ber Y370G Active Site Mutant of the Sialidase from Micromonospora viridifaciens in complex with beta-Neu5Ac (sialic acid). 2bzd Galactose recognition by the carbohydrate-binding module of a bacterial sialidase. 2eib Crystal Structure of Galactose Oxidase, W290H mutant 2eic Crystal Structure of Galactose Oxidase mutant W290F 2eid Galactose Oxidase W290G mutant 2eie Crystal Structure of Galactose Oxidase complexed with Azide 2jkx Galactose oxidase. MatGO. Copper free, expressed in Pichia Pastoris. 2l9l NMR Structure of the Mouse MFG-E8 C2 Domain 2orx Structural Basis for Ligand Binding and Heparin Mediated Activation of Neuropilin 2orz Structural Basis for Ligand Binding and Heparin Mediated Activation of Neuropilin 2pqs Crystal Structure of the Bovine Lactadherin C2 Domain 2qqi Crystal Structure of the b1b2 Domains from Human Neuropilin-1 2qqj Crystal Structure of the b1b2 Domains from Human Neuropilin-2 2qqk Neuropilin-2 a1a2b1b2 Domains in Complex with a Semaphorin-Blocking Fab 2qql Neuropilin-2 a1a2b1b2 Domains in Complex with a Semaphorin-Blocking Fab 2qqm Crystal Structure of the a2b1b2 Domains from Human Neuropilin-1 2qqn Neuropilin-1 b1 Domain in Complex with a VEGF-Blocking Fab 2qqo Crystal Structure of the a2b1b2 Domains from Human Neuropilin-2 2r7e Crystal Structure Analysis of Coagulation Factor VIII 2vm9 Native structure of the recombinant discoidin II of Dictyostelium discoideum at 1.75 angstrom 2vmc Structure of the complex of discoidin II from Dictyostelium discoideum with N-acetyl-galactosamine 2vmd Structure of the complex of discoidin II from Dictyostelium discoideum with beta-methyl-galactose 2vme Structure of the wild-type discoidin II from Dictyostelium discoideum 2vz1 Premat-galactose oxidase 2vz3 bleached galactose oxidase 2w1q Unique ligand binding specificity for a family 32 Carbohydrate- Binding Module from the Mu toxin produced by Clostridium perfringens 2w1s Unique ligand binding specificity of a family 32 Carbohydrate-Binding Module from the Mu toxin produced by Clostridium perfringens 2w1u A family 32 carbohydrate-binding module, from the Mu toxin produced by Clostridium perfringens, in complex with beta-D-glcNAc-beta(1,3) galNAc 2w94 Native structure of the Discoidin I from Dictyostelium discoideum at 1.8 angstrom resolution 2w95 STructure of the Discoidin I from Dictyostelium discoideum in complex with GalNAc at 1.75 angstrom resolution 2wdb A family 32 carbohydrate-binding module, from the Mu toxin produced by Clostridium perfringens, in complex with beta-D-glcNAc-beta(1,2) mannose 2wn2 Structure of the discoidin I from Dictyostelium discoideum in complex with galactose beta 1-3 galNAc at 1.8 A resolution. 2wn3 Crystal structure of Discoidin I from Dictyostelium discoideum in complex with the disaccharide GalNAc beta 1-3 galactose, at 1.6 A resolution. 2wq8 Glycan labelling using engineered variants of galactose oxidase obtained by directed evolution 2wuh Crystal structure of the DDR2 discoidin domain bound to a triple- helical collagen peptide 2z4f Solution structure of the Discoidin Domain of DDR2 3bn6 Crystal Structure of the C2 Domain of Bovine Lactadherin at 1.67 Angstrom Resolution 3cdz Crystal structure of human factor VIII 3hnb Factor VIII Trp2313-His2315 segment is involved in membrane binding as shown by crystal structure of complex between factor VIII C2 domain and an inhibitor 3hny Factor VIII Trp2313-His2315 segment is involved in membrane binding as shown by crystal structure of complex between factor VIII C2 domain and an inhibitor 3hob Factor VIII Trp2313-His2315 segment is involved in membrane binding as shown by crystal structure of complex between factor VIII C2 domain and an inhibitor 3i97 B1 domain of human Neuropilin-1 bound with small molecule EG00229 3j2q Model of membrane-bound factor VIII organized in 2D crystals 3j2s Membrane-bound factor VIII light chain 4ag4 Crystal structure of a DDR1-Fab complex 4bdv CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A TRUNCATED B-DOMAIN HUMAN FACTOR VIII 4bxs Crystal Structure of the Prothrombinase Complex from the Venom of Pseudonaja Textilis 4deq Structure of the Neuropilin-1/VEGF-A complex 4gz9 Mouse Neuropilin-1, extracellular domains 1-4 (a1a2b1b2) 4gza Complex of mouse Plexin A2 - Semaphorin 3A - Neuropilin-1 4ki5 Cystal structure of human factor VIII C2 domain in a ternary complex with murine inhbitory antibodies 3E6 and G99 4mo3 Crystal Structure of Porcine C2 Domain of Blood Coagulation Factor VIII
- Links (links to other resources describing this domain)
PFAM F5_F8_type_C INTERPRO IPR000421 PROSITE FA58C_2