Arg_tRNA_synt_N

Arginyl tRNA synthetase N terminal dom
Arg_tRNA_synt_N
SMART accession number:SM01016
Description: This domain is found at the amino terminus of Arginyl tRNA synthetase, also called additional domain 1 (Add-1). It is about 140 residues long and it has been suggested that this domain will be involved in tRNA recognition.
Interpro abstract (IPR005148):

The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (also known as aminoacyl-tRNA ligase) catalyse the attachment of an amino acid to its cognate transfer RNA molecule in a highly specific two-step reaction. These proteins differ widely in size and oligomeric state, and have limited sequence homology [(PUBMED:2203971)]. The 20 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are divided into two classes, I and II. Class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases contain a characteristic Rossman fold catalytic domain and are mostly monomeric [(PUBMED:10673435)]. Class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases share an anti-parallel beta-sheet fold flanked by alpha-helices [(PUBMED:8364025)], and are mostly dimeric or multimeric, containing at least three conserved regions [(PUBMED:8274143), (PUBMED:2053131), (PUBMED:1852601)]. However, tRNA binding involves an alpha-helical structure that is conserved between class I and class II synthetases. In reactions catalysed by the class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, the aminoacyl group is coupled to the 2'-hydroxyl of the tRNA, while, in class II reactions, the 3'-hydroxyl site is preferred. The synthetases specific for arginine, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, tyrosine, tryptophan and valine belong to class I synthetases. The synthetases specific for alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glycine, histidine, lysine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, and threonine belong to class-II synthetases. Based on their mode of binding to the tRNA acceptor stem, both classes of tRNA synthetases have been subdivided into three subclasses, designated 1a, 1b, 1c and 2a, 2b, 2c.

This domain is found at the N terminus of Arginyl tRNA synthetase, also called additional domain 1 (Add-1). It is about 140 residues long and it has been suggested to be involved in tRNA recognition [(PUBMED:9736621)].

GO process:arginyl-tRNA aminoacylation (GO:0006420)
GO component:cytoplasm (GO:0005737)
GO function:arginine-tRNA ligase activity (GO:0004814), nucleotide binding (GO:0000166), ATP binding (GO:0005524)
Family alignment:
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There are 7194 Arg_tRNA_synt_N domains in 7194 proteins in SMART's nrdb database.

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