The domain within your query sequence starts at position 48 and ends at position 254; the E-value for the 7TM_GPCR_Srx domain shown below is 3.7e-11.



PFAM accession number:PF10328
Interpro abstract (IPR019430):

The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has only 14 types of chemosensory neuron, yet is able to sense and respond to several hundred different chemicals because each neuron detects several stimuli [ (PUBMED:10580986) ]. Chemoperception is one of the central senses of soil nematodes like C. elegans which are otherwise 'blind' and 'deaf' [ (PUBMED:18050473) ]. Chemoreception in C. elegans is mediated by members of the seven-transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor class (7TM GPCRs). More than 1300 potential chemoreceptor genes have been identified in C. elegans, which are generally prefixed sr for serpentine receptor. The receptor superfamilies include Sra (Sra, Srb, Srab, Sre), Str (Srh, Str, Sri, Srd, Srj, Srm, Srn) and Srg (Srx, Srt, Srg, Sru, Srv, Srxa), as well as the families Srw, Srz, Srbc, Srsx and Srr [ (PUBMED:7585938) (PUBMED:18050473) (PUBMED:15618405) ]. Many of these proteins have homologues in Caenorhabditis briggsae.

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute a vast protein family that encompasses a wide range of functions, including various autocrine, paracrine and endocrine processes. They show considerable diversity at the sequence level, on the basis of which they can be separated into distinct groups [ (PUBMED:12679517) ]. The term clan can be used to describe the GPCRs, as they embrace a group of families for which there are indications of evolutionary relationship, but between which there is no statistically significant similarity in sequence [ (PUBMED:8170923) ]. The currently known clan members include rhodopsin-like GPCRs (Class A, GPCRA), secretin-like GPCRs (Class B, GPCRB), metabotropic glutamate receptor family (Class C, GPCRC), fungal mating pheromone receptors (Class D, GPCRD), cAMP receptors (Class E, GPCRE) and frizzled/smoothened (Class F, GPCRF) [ (PUBMED:8170923) (PUBMED:8081729) (PUBMED:15914470) (PUBMED:18948278) (PUBMED:16753280) ]. GPCRs are major drug targets, and are consequently the subject of considerable research interest. It has been reported that the repertoire of GPCRs for endogenous ligands consists of approximately 400 receptors in humans and mice [ (PUBMED:12679517) ]. Most GPCRs are identified on the basis of their DNA sequences, rather than the ligand they bind, those that are unmatched to known natural ligands are designated by as orphan GPCRs, or unclassified GPCRs [ (PUBMED:23020293) ].

This entry represents a domain found in serpentine receptor class x (Srx) from the Srg superfamily [ (PUBMED:18050473) (PUBMED:9582190) ]. Srg receptors contain seven hydrophobic, putative transmembrane, regions and can be distinguished from other 7TM GPCR receptors by their own characteristic TM signatures.

This is a PFAM domain. For full annotation and more information, please see the PFAM entry 7TM_GPCR_Srx