The domain within your query sequence starts at position 362 and ends at position 739; the E-value for the TOPEUc domain shown below is 4.43e-280.

All catalytic sites are present in this domain. Check the literature (PubMed 98155254 ) for details.



DNA Topoisomerase I (eukaryota)
SMART accession number:SM00435
Description: DNA Topoisomerase I (eukaryota), DNA topoisomerase V, Vaccina virus topoisomerase, Variola virus topoisomerase, Shope fibroma virus topoisomeras
Interpro abstract (IPR013499):

DNA topoisomerases regulate the number of topological links between two DNA strands (i.e. change the number of superhelical turns) by catalysing transient single- or double-strand breaks, crossing the strands through one another, then resealing the breaks [ (PUBMED:7770916) ]. These enzymes have several functions: to remove DNA supercoils during transcription and DNA replication; for strand breakage during recombination; for chromosome condensation; and to disentangle intertwined DNA during mitosis [ (PUBMED:12042765) (PUBMED:11395412) ]. DNA topoisomerases are divided into two classes: type I enzymes ( EC ; topoisomerases I, III and V) break single-strand DNA, and type II enzymes ( EC ; topoisomerases II, IV and VI) break double-strand DNA [ (PUBMED:12596227) ].

Type I topoisomerases are ATP-independent enzymes (except for reverse gyrase), and can be subdivided according to their structure and reaction mechanisms: type IA (Topo IA; bacterial and archaeal topoisomerase I, topoisomerase III and reverse gyrase) and type IB (Topo IB; eukaryotic topoisomerase I and topoisomerase V). These enzymes are primarily responsible for relaxing positively and/or negatively supercoiled DNA, except for reverse gyrase, which can introduce positive supercoils into DNA. This function is vital for the processes of replication, transcription, and recombination. Unlike Topo IA enzymes, Topo IB enzymes do not require a single-stranded region of DNA or metal ions for their function. The type IB family of DNA topoisomerases includes eukaryotic nuclear topoisomerase I, topoisomerases of poxviruses, and bacterial versions of Topo IB [ (PUBMED:17293019) ]. They belong to the superfamily of DNA breaking-rejoining enzymes, which share the same fold in their C-terminal catalytic domain and the overall reaction mechanism with tyrosine recombinases [ (PUBMED:21087076) (PUBMED:9488644) ]. The C-terminal catalytic domain in topoisomerases is linked to a divergent N-terminal domain that shows no sequence or structure similarity to the N-terminal domains of tyrosine recombinases [ (PUBMED:20644584) (PUBMED:17722649) ].

This entry represents the C-terminal region of DNA topoisomerase I enzymes from eukaryotes (type IB enzymes). This region covers both the catalytic core and the DNA-binding domains.

Human topoisomerase I has been shown to be inhibited by camptothecin (CPT), a plant alkaloid with antitumour activity [ (PUBMED:1849260) ]. The crystal structures of human topoisomerase I comprising the core and carboxyl-terminal domains in covalent and noncovalent complexes with 22-base pair DNA duplexes reveal an enzyme that "clamps" around essentially B-form DNA. The core domain and the first eight residues of the carboxyl-terminal domain of the enzyme, including the active-site nucleophile tyrosine-723, share significant structural similarity with the bacteriophage family of DNA integrases. A binding mode for the anticancer drug camptothecin has been proposed on the basis of chemical and biochemical information combined with the three-dimensional structures of topoisomerase I-DNA complexes [ (PUBMED:9488644) ].

GO process:DNA topological change (GO:0006265)
GO component:chromosome (GO:0005694)
GO function:DNA topoisomerase type I (single strand cut, ATP-independent) activity (GO:0003917), DNA binding (GO:0003677)
Family alignment:
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There are 4321 TOPEUc domains in 4318 proteins in SMART's nrdb database.

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