The domain within your query sequence starts at position 136 and ends at position 281; the E-value for the RNase_H domain shown below is 2.6e-48.



PFAM accession number:PF00075
Interpro abstract (IPR002156):

The RNase H domain is responsible for hydrolysis of the RNA portion of RNA x DNA hybrids, and this activity requires the presence of divalent cations (Mg2+ or Mn2+) that bind its active site. This domain is a part of a large family of homologous RNase H enzymes of which the RNase HI protein from Escherichia coli is the best characterised [ (PUBMED:9741851) ]. Secondary structure predictions for the enzymes from E. coli, yeast, human liver and diverse retroviruses (such as Rous sarcoma virus and the Foamy viruses) supported, in every case, the five beta-strands (1 to 5) and four or five alpha-helices (A, B/C, D, E) that have been identified by crystallography in the RNase H domain of Human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase and in E. coli RNase H [ (PUBMED:10603172) ]. Reverse transcriptase (RT) is a modular enzyme carrying polymerase and ribonuclease H (RNase H) activities in separable domains. Reverse transcriptase (RT) converts the single-stranded RNA genome of a retrovirus into a double-stranded DNA copy for integration into the host genome. This process requires ribonuclease H as well as RNA- and DNA-directed DNA polymerase activities.

Retroviral RNase H is synthesised as part of the POL polyprotein that contains; an aspartyl protease, a reverse transcriptase, RNase H and integrase. POL polyprotein undergoes specific enzymatic cleavage to yield the mature proteins. Bacterial RNase H EC catalyses endonucleolytic cleavage to 5'-phosphomonoester acting on RNA-DNA hybrids.

The 3D structure of the RNase H domain from diverse bacteria and retroviruses has been solved [ (PUBMED:2169648) (PUBMED:8108376) (PUBMED:1707186) ]. All have four beta strands and four to five alpha helices. The E. coli RNase H1 protein binds a single Mg2+ ion cofactor in the active site of the enzyme. The divalent cation is bound by the carboxyl groups of four acidic residues, Asp-10, Glu-48, Asp-70, and Asp-134 [ (PUBMED:8108376) ]. The first three acidic residues are highly conserved in all bacterial and retroviral RNase H sequences.

GO function:RNA-DNA hybrid ribonuclease activity (GO:0004523), nucleic acid binding (GO:0003676)

This is a PFAM domain. For full annotation and more information, please see the PFAM entry RNase_H